Arundhati Roy speaking at the People's University in Washington
Square Park, New York, held at Judson Memorial Church, 16 November 2011
Tuesday morning, the police cleared
Zuccotti Park, but today the people are back. The police should know
that this protest is not a battle for territory. We're not fighting for
the right to occupy a park here or there. We are fighting for justice.
Justice, not just for the people of the United States, but for
What you have achieved since 17 September, when the Occupy movement
began in the United States, is to introduce a new imagination, a new
political language into the heart of empire. You have reintroduced the
right to dream into a system that tried to turn everybody into zombies
mesmerised into equating mindless consumerism with happiness and
As a writer, let me tell you, this is an immense achievement. I cannot thank you enough.
We were talking about justice. Today, as we speak, the army of the
United States is waging a war of occupation in Iraq and Afghanistan. US
drones are killing civilians in Pakistan and beyond. Tens of thousands
of US troops and death squads are moving into Africa. If spending
trillions of dollars of your money to administer occupations in Iraq and
Afghanistan is not enough, a war against Iran is being talked up.
Ever since the Great Depression, the manufacture of weapons and the
export of war have been key ways in which the United States has
stimulated its economy. Just recently, under President Obama, the United
States made a $60bn arms deal with Saudi Arabia. It hopes to sell
thousands of bunker busters to the UAE. It has sold $5bn-worth of
military aircraft to my country, India, which has more poor people than
all the poorest countries of Africa put together. All these wars, from
the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki to Vietnam, Korea, Latin America,
have claimed millions of lives – all of them fought to secure the
"American way of life".
Today, we know that the "American way of life" – the model that the
rest of the world is meant to aspire towards – has resulted in 400
people owning the wealth of half of the population of the United States.
It has meant thousands of people being turned out of their homes and
jobs while the US government bailed out banks and corporations –
American International Group (AIG) alone was given $182bn.
The Indian government worships US economic policy. As a result of 20
years of the free market economy, today, 100 of India's richest people
own assets worth one-fourth of the country's GDP while more than 80% of
the people live on less than 50 cents a day; 250,000 farmers, driven
into a spiral of death, have committed suicide. We call this progress,
and now think of ourselves as a superpower. Like you, we are
well-qualified: we have nuclear bombs and obscene inequality.
The good news is that people have had enough and are not going to
take it any more. The Occupy movement has joined thousands of other
resistance movements all over the world in which the poorest of people
are standing up and stopping the richest corporations in their tracks.
Few of us dreamed that we would see you, the people of the United States
on our side, trying to do this in the heart of Empire. I don't know how
to communicate the enormity of what this means.
They (the 1%) say that we don't have demands … they don't know,
perhaps, that our anger alone would be enough to destroy them. But here
are some things – a few "pre-revolutionary" thoughts I had – for us to
think about together:
We want to put a lid on this system that manufactures inequality. We
want to put a cap on the unfettered accumulation of wealth and property
by individuals as well as corporations. As "cap-ists" and "lid-ites", we
• An end to cross-ownership in businesses. For example, weapons
manufacturers cannot own TV stations; mining corporations cannot run
newspapers; business houses cannot fund universities; drug companies
cannot control public health funds.
• Natural resources and essential infrastructure – water supply, electricity, health, and education – cannot be privatised.
• Everybody must have the right to shelter, education and healthcare.
• The children of the rich cannot inherit their parents' wealth.
This struggle has re-awakened our imagination. Somewhere along the
way, capitalism reduced the idea of justice to mean just "human rights",
and the idea of dreaming of equality became blasphemous. We are not
fighting to tinker with reforming a system that needs to be replaced.
As a cap-ist and a lid-ite, I salute your struggle.
If you appreciated this article, please consider making a donation to Axis of Logic.
We do not use commercial advertising or corporate funding. We depend solely upon you,
the reader, to continue providing quality news and opinion on world affairs.Donate here